These steps assuem you have already worked through the tutorial: Getting Started With FitNesse in C++.

Building the RpnCalcualtor

You can find the source for the RpnCalculator at two github locations:

Building the Basic Structure

  • Create a top-level directory for all of your work. I'll be using ~/src/waat
  • Under that, create a workspace directory. I'll use ~/src/waat/workspace
[~/src]% mkdir waat 
[~/src]% cd waat
[~/src/waat]% mkdir workspace
[~/src/waat]% cd workspace 
  • Retrieve the production code using the following command:
git clone git://github.com/schuchert/RpnCalculatorInCpp.git
  • The output should resemble:
[~/src/waat/workspace]% git clone git://github.com/schuchert/RpnCalculatorInCpp.git
Initialized empty Git repository in /Users/schuchert/src/waat/workspace/RpnCalculatorInCpp/.git/
remote: Counting objects: 67, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (65/65), done.
remote: Total 67 (delta 7), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (67/67), 12.17 KiB, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (7/7), done.
[~/src/waat/workspace]% ls
  • Retrieve the test code using the command:
git clone git://github.com/schuchert/RpnCalculatorInCppTests.git
  • The output should resemble:
[~/src/waat/workspace]% git clone git://github.com/schuchert/RpnCalculatorInCppTests.git
Initialized empty Git repository in /Users/schuchert/src/waat/workspace/RpnCalculatorInCppTests/.git/
remote: Counting objects: 37, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (36/36), done.
remote: Total 37 (delta 9), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (37/37), 8.87 KiB, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (9/9), done.
[~/src/waat/workspace]% ls
RpnCalculatorInCpp/        RpnCalculatorInCppTests/

Configuring the Eclipse Project

In previous tutorial, you created a directory called ~/src/cslim and under that is CppUTest. To create this project, we'll use the equivalent of environment variables in Eclipse.
  • Create a new workspace. Select the directory containing two github projects you just checked out. In my case that's Users/schuchert/src/waat/workspace
  • Close the Welcome to Eclipse tab.
  • Edit the Eclipse properties:
    Under General:Workspce, enable Refresh automatically
    Under Eclipse properties:C/C++:Build:Environment, define some environment variables:
    • CSLIM_BASE = /Users/schuchert/src/cslim/cslim
    • CPPUTEST_BASE = /Users/schuchert/src/cslim/cpputest
    On my Mac, I additionally set:
    • GPP = /usr/local/bin/g++
    This allows me to use g++ 4.4 or 4.5 instead of 4.2
  • Apply those changes.
  • Next, select File:Import
  • Under General select Existing Projects into Workspace
  • Click Next
  • Click the Browse button then simply press OK
  • You should see listed two projects
  • Both of these projects should be selected by default.
  • Click Finish
  • Eclipse will probably attempt to build RpnCalculatorInCppTests, but it will fail because the other project must be build first.
  • Pull down the Project menu and select Build All
  • This should build the library libRpnCalculatorInCpp.a first and then build the executable RpnCalculatorInCppTests
  • When this is done, right-click on the RpnCalculatorInCppTests projects, select RunAs::Local C/C++ Application

You should see your tests pass. As of this writing, there are 70 tests:
OK (70 tests, 70 ran, 108 checks, 0 ignored, 0 filtered out, 8 ms)

Creating Your First Test Table

Since you've already worked through Getting Started With FitNesse in C++, you have FitNesse installed somewhere. Start your FitNesse instance. Here's what it looks like on my computer:
[~]% cd src/cpp_fitnesse 
[~/src/cpp_fitnesse]% java -jar fitnesse.jar -p 8080
FitNesse (v20100711) Started...
    port:              8080
    root page:         fitnesse.wiki.FileSystemPage at ./FitNesseRoot
    logger:            none
    authenticator:     fitnesse.authentication.PromiscuousAuthenticator
    html page factory: fitnesse.html.HtmlPageFactory
    page version expiration set to 14 days.

Creating Top-Level Test Suite

Now that you have FitNesse started, create a top-level page for all of your work.
!contents -R2 -g -p -f -h
!define TEST_SYSTEM {slim}
!define TEST_RUNNER {/Users/schuchert/src/waat/workspace/RpnCalculatorFixtures/Debug/RpnCalculatorFixtures}
!define COMMAND_PATTERN {%m}
  • Confirm this page has a Suite button. If not, edit its properties so it is a suite and save those properties.

The TEST_RUNNER makes reference to a project/executable we have not yet created. Don't worry, it'll be there soon.

Creating First Test

!|ExecuteBinaryOperator    |
|3  |4  |-       |-1       |
|5  |6  |*       |30       |
  • This project is neither a test or suite page by default (it has to do with the page's name). So click on its Properties button, select the Test radio button and then click on Save Properties

This page makes reference to a fixture that does not yet exist. As in the previous step, don't worry. That's next.

Creating Fixture Project

Now you're going to add a third project to contain your fixtures. This involves creating a project, linking to the calculator.
  • Select File:New:C++ Project
  • Create an Empty Project
  • Under Toolchains either select Mingw or some other "working" toolchain. As of this writing, the cygwin will work but you cannot use a debugger.
  • For the project name, enter RpnCalculatorFixtures, which you can infer from the TEST_SYSTEM variable set on the top-level page.
  • The provided code uses features of G++ 4.4 and above, specifically the compiler flag -std=c++0x. The primary thing is the use of the standard class shared_ptr. As of the TR1 standard, this class' namespace is std::tr1::. In the upcoming standard, the class is additionally in std::. To fix this, edit the project's properties. Under C/C++ Build:Settings/C++ Compiler: Miscellaneous, add -std=c++0x (that's zero, not o) to the Other flags.
You'll need to copy in two boilerplate files, create the fixture class and then set up libraries and include paths.
  • Add a new file called Main.c and set its contents:
#include "SocketServer.h"
#include "SlimConnectionHandler.h"
#include "TcpComLink.h"
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string.h>
#include "SlimList.h"
#include "SlimListDeserializer.h"
#include "StatementExecutor.h"
#include "ListExecutor.h"
#include "SlimListSerializer.h"
void AddFixtures(StatementExecutor* executor);
char * handle_slim_message(char * message);
int connection_handler(int socket)
    int result = 0;
    TcpComLink * comLink = TcpComLink_Create(socket);
    SlimConnectionHandler* connection = SlimConnectionHandler_Create(&TcpComLink_send, &TcpComLink_recv, (void*)comLink);
    SlimConnectionHandler_RegisterSlimMessageHandler(connection, &handle_slim_message);
    result = SlimConnectionHandler_Run(connection);
    return result;
static StatementExecutor * statementExecutor;
static ListExecutor * listExecutor;
int main(int ac, char** av)
    statementExecutor = StatementExecutor_Create();
    listExecutor = ListExecutor_Create(statementExecutor);
    SocketServer* server = SocketServer_Create();
    SocketServer_register_handler(server, &connection_handler);
    int result = SocketServer_Run(server, av[1]);
    return result;
char * handle_slim_message(char * message)
    SlimList* instructions = SlimList_Deserialize(message);
    SlimList* results = ListExecutor_Execute(listExecutor, instructions);
    char * response = SlimList_Serialize(results);
    return response;

You'll notice several warnings about unknown header files. Let's fix that before moving on:
  • Edit the project's properties.
  • Under C/C++ Build:Settings, select the C Compiler settings (That's C not C++!)
  • Select the Includes and make the following additions:
  • Save your changes (click Apply then OK, or just OK if you're feeling lucky)

Next, create another new file called Fixtures.c:
#include "Fixtures.h"

I'm having you preemptively add in the name of a fixture you have yet to write.

Now it's time to create the fixture. Since this is a mechanics tutorial, I'll give you the fixture source code:
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string>
#include "RpnCalculator.h"
#include "OperatorFactory.h"
#include "Fixtures.h"
#include "SlimUtils.h"
struct ExecuteBinaryOperator {
    ExecuteBinaryOperator() {
        lastValue[0] = 0;
    int execute() {
        RpnCalculator calculator(factory);
        return calculator.getX();
    static ExecuteBinaryOperator* From(void *fixtureStorage) {
        return reinterpret_cast<ExecuteBinaryOperator*>(fixtureStorage);
    OperatorFactory factory;
    int lhs;
    int rhs;
    std::string op;
    char lastValue[32];
extern "C" {
void* ExecuteBinaryOperator_Create(StatementExecutor* errorHandler, SlimList* args) {
    return new ExecuteBinaryOperator;
void ExecuteBinaryOperator_Destroy(void* self) {
    delete ExecuteBinaryOperator::From(self);
static char* setLhs(void* fixture, SlimList* args) {
    ExecuteBinaryOperator *self = ExecuteBinaryOperator::From(fixture);
    self->lhs = getFirstInt(args);
    return self->lastValue;
static char* setRhs(void* fixture, SlimList* args) {
    ExecuteBinaryOperator *self = ExecuteBinaryOperator::From(fixture);
    self->rhs = getFirstInt(args);
    return self->lastValue;
static char* setOperator(void *fixture, SlimList* args) {
    ExecuteBinaryOperator *self = ExecuteBinaryOperator::From(fixture);
    self->op = getFirstString(args);
    return self->lastValue;
static char* expected(void* fixture, SlimList* args) {
    ExecuteBinaryOperator *self = ExecuteBinaryOperator::From(fixture);
    int result = self->execute();
    snprintf(self->lastValue, sizeof(self->lastValue), "%d", result);
    return self->lastValue;

You'll notice a few more warnings about unknown include files. You'll add a few more include directories, this time under the C++ tab instead of the C Tab
  • Edit the project's properties
  • Select C/C++ Build:Settings
  • Now select GCC C++ Compiler (or similar) and under Includes add:
  • Apply those changes.

Notice that there's still one missing header file. This is in another library that I've written to make writing C++ cslim fixtures a bit easer:
  • Go back to your workspace directory
  • Clone the CSlimCppExtensions project from github with the following command:
git clone git://github.com/schuchert/CSlimCppExtensions.git
  • Here's what that will look like:
[~/src/waat/workspace]% git clone git://github.com/schuchert/CSlimCppExtensions.git
Initialized empty Git repository in /Users/schuchert/src/waat/workspace/CSlimCppExtensions/.git/
remote: Counting objects: 16, done.
remote: Compressing objects: 100% (14/14), done.
remote: Total 16 (delta 1), reused 0 (delta 0)
Receiving objects: 100% (16/16), 5.95 KiB, done.
Resolving deltas: 100% (1/1), done.
  • Back in Eclipse, File:Import
  • Select General:Existing Projects into Workspace
  • Click Browse and then Ok
  • There should be one project listed, CSlimCppExtensions
  • Click on Finish
  • Select the project, right-click and select build.
  • Warning: As of this writing, there is a "missing" method in the cslim library. You'll need to make two changes to the cslim library that you've downloaded to resolve this.

Updating CSlim Library

Add the following function declaration to the header file:
void SlimList_Release(char *serializedList);
Add a function declaration to the source file:
void SlimList_Release(char *serializedList) {
  if(serializedList != 0)

Now that you have the required missing project, you need to add it as a dependent project and include its header files in the RpnCalcualtorFixtures project:
  • Edit the properties of RpnCalculatorFixtures
  • Under the top-level Project References, select CSlimCppExtensions
  • Under C/C++ Build:Settings, select the C++ Compiler settings
  • Add under include the following directory: ${workspace_loc:/CSlimCppExtensions}

Now if you try to build the project, it will compile but it will not link.
  • Edit the project's settings
  • Find the linker settings under C/C++ Build:Linker
  • Edit the Libraries and add the following list:
  • Edit he Library search path and add the following list:
  • Save your changes and build again

You should now be able to run this executable. If you do, you'll see in red text:
getaddrinfo: nodename nor servname provided, or not known

Running the Test

You should be able to run your FitNesse test and get to green.
  • Go back to the following URL: http://localhost:8080/RpnExamples
  • Click on the Suite button
  • You should see all green.
  • You might see an error regarding a difference in protocol. That's under construction. The cslim library should be updated in the near future (August 2010 I hope).

Working with a Script Table

Now it is time to program the calculator. First a test, then the fixture code.

The Test

Create the following test at: http://localhost:8080/RpnExamples.SumOfPrimesExample
!|script           |ProgramTheCalculator|
|startProgramCalled|sumOfPrimeFactors   |
|addOperation      |primeFactors        |
|addOperation      |sum                 |
|saveProgram                            |
|enter             |12                  |
|execute           |sumOfPrimeFactors   |
|check             |getX       |7       |

This creates a new operator called "sumOfPrimesFactors" and then executes it. To make this work, you'll need to create a new fixture and register it.

Creating the Fixture

Create a new source filed called ProgramTheCalcualtor.cpp. Here's the source:
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <stdio.h>
#include <string>
#include "RpnCalculator.h"
#include "OperatorFactory.h"
#include "SlimUtils.h"
#include "SlimList.h"
#include "Fixtures.h"
struct ProgramTheCalculator {
    ProgramTheCalculator() : calculator(factory) {
    static ProgramTheCalculator* From(void *fixtureStorage) {
        return reinterpret_cast<ProgramTheCalculator*>(fixtureStorage);
    OperatorFactory factory;
    RpnCalculator calculator;
    char lastResult[32];
extern "C" {
void* ProgramTheCalculator_Create(StatementExecutor* errorHandler, SlimList* args) {
    return new ProgramTheCalculator;
void ProgramTheCalculator_Destroy(void *fixture) {
    delete ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
static char* startProgramCalled(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    auto *self = ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
    return 0;
static char* addOperation(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    auto *self = ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
    return 0;
static char* saveProgram(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    auto *self = ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
    return 0;
static char* enter(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    auto *self = ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
    return 0;
static char* execute(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    auto *self = ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
    return 0;
static char* getX(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    ProgramTheCalculator *self = ProgramTheCalculator::From(fixture);
    snprintf(self->lastResult, sizeof(self->lastResult), "%d", self->calculator.getX());
    return self->lastResult;

To get this working, you'll need to register the fixture by updated Fixtures.c:
#include "Fixtures.h"

Once you make these changes and rebuild, you should have a passing test.

The Query Table

Here is an example of a query table:
!|Query: AlphaNamedOperators|
|op                         |
|dup                        |
|if                         |
|ifElse                     |
|ndup                       |
|nop                        |
|primeFactors               |
|sum                        |
|swap                       |
|drop                       |

Create this page at: http://localhost:8080/RpnExamples.AlphaNamedOperatorsExample

Now you'll need to create a fixture. Create a new source file called AlphaNamedOperators.cpp:
#include <ctype.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <string>
#include "RpnCalculator.h"
#include "OperatorFactory.h"
#include "Fixtures.h"
#include "SlimUtils.h"
#include "QueryResultAccumulator.h"
struct AlphaNamedOperators {
    OperatorFactory factory;
    RpnCalculator calculator;
    QueryResultAccumulator accumulator;
    AlphaNamedOperators() :
        calculator(factory) {
    ~AlphaNamedOperators() {
    static AlphaNamedOperators* From(void *fixtureStorage) {
        return reinterpret_cast<AlphaNamedOperators*> (fixtureStorage);
    void conditionallyAddOperatorNamed(const std::string &name) {
        if (isalpha(name[0])) {
            accumulator.addFieldNamedWithValue("op", name);
    char *buildResult() {
        v_string names = calculator.allOperatorNames();
        return buildResult(names);
    char *buildResult(v_string &names) {
        for (v_string::iterator iter = names.begin(); iter != names.end(); ++iter)
        return accumulator.produceFinalResults();
extern "C" {
void* AlphaNamedOperators_Create(StatementExecutor* errorHandler,
        SlimList* args) {
    return new AlphaNamedOperators;
void AlphaNamedOperators_Destroy(void *fixture) {
    delete AlphaNamedOperators::From(fixture);
static char* query(void *fixture, SlimList *args) {
    auto *self = AlphaNamedOperators::From(fixture);
    return self->buildResult();

To get this registered, you'll have to update Fixtures.c:
#include "Fixtures.h"

Save and rebuild. You should now have a passing test. If you run the entire suite, all three tests should pass.