D1:    The Second Perishability Principle
  • Decentralize control for problems and opportunities that age poorly

D2:    The Scale Principle
  • Centralize control for problems that are infrequent, large, or that have significant economics of scale

D3:    The Principle of Layered Control
  • Adapt the control approach to emerging information about the problem

D4:    The Opportunistic Principle
  • Adjust the plan for unplanned obstacles and opportunities

D5:    The Principle of Virtual Centralization
  • Be able to quickly reorganize decentralized resources to create centralized power

D6:    The Inefficiency Principle
  • The inefficiency of decentralization can cost less than the value of faster response time

D7:    The Principle of Alignment
  • There is more value created with overall alignment than local excellence

D8:    The Principle of Mission
  • Specify the end state, its purpose, and the minimal possible constraints

D9:    The Principle of Boundaries
  • Stablish clear roles and boundaries

D10:    The Main Effort Principle
  • Designate a main effort and subordinate other activities

D11:    The Principle of Dynamic Alignment
  • The main effort may shift quickly when conditions change

D12:    The Second Agility Principle
  • Develop the ability to quickly shift focus

D13:    The Principle of Peer-Level Coordination
  • Tactical coordination should be local

D14:    The Principle of Flexible Plans
  • Use simple modular plans

D15:    The Principle of Tactical Reserves
  • Decentralize a portion of reserves

D16:    The Principle of Early Contact
  • Make early and meaningful contact with the problem

D17:    The Principle of Decentralized Information
  • For decentralized decisions, disseminate key information widely

D18:    The Frequency Response Principle
  • We can't response faster than our frequency response

D19:    The Quality of Service Principle
  • When response time is important, measure response time

D20:    The Second Market Principle
  • Use internal and external markets to decentralize control

D21:    The Principle of Regenerative Initiative
  • Cultivating initiative enables us to use initiative

D22:    The Principle of Face-to-Face Communication
  • Exploit the speed and bandwidth of face-to-face communications

D23:    The Trust Principle
  • Trust is built through experience